Mobile and Digital Divide

Mobile and Digital Divide

Como era de se esperar, a disseminao de tecnologias mveis (notadamente os celulares) est ajudando a diminuir o fosso digital. Embora haja inmeros problemas, o relatrio das Naes Unidas aponta para a melhoria econmica e social em alguns pases. Dados sobre o Brasil mostram que o pas est em 81 lugar em um ranking de 190 pases que mede a penetrao dos telefones celulares e na 72 posio em penetrao da internet (via Estado).

Vejam matria da BBC


“Mobile phones and net access are helping narrow the gulf between rich and poor nations, says a UN report.

(…) Mobile phone users in developing nations now make up 58% of handset subscribers worldwide, it said. But it warned that the digital divide meant that developing nations still lagged far behind richer countries.

(…) The annual Information Economy report by the UN body looks at the way that science and technology can drive long-term economic growth.

(…)’In Africa, where the increase in terms of the number of mobile phone subscribers and penetration has been greatest, this technology can improve the economic life of the population as a whole,’ it said.

(…)The take up of mobiles was allowing developing nations to ‘leapfrog’ some generations of technology such as fixed line telephones and reap more immediate rewards, said the report.

Greater use of computers in small businesses in countries such as Thailand made staff boost productive, it said. A study of Thai manufacturing firms showed that a 10% increase in computer literate staff produced a 3.5% productivity gain.

The developing world was also catching up in terms of net availability. In 2002, said UNCTAD, net availability was ten times higher in developing nations. In 2006, net availability was only six times higher.

But despite the improvements mobiles and greater computer use were bringing in their wake, the report warned that a big gulf remained between rich and poor.(…)